A saturday in Florence

Hi everyone!

It’s been a while that I don’t write here, despite being at home several months, like all of us!

During the months of lockdown, however, I caught up with several commitments that I had neglected. In fact, I managed to finish all the exams of the first year of the Specialization School and finally I have done a documentation that I have been carrying around like a ballast for a long time.

Currently I am much freer and sometimes I get bored, also because I don’t know what to do!

I started working again, but I also manage to get some free time and I finally started going out again on weekends!

After all we’ve been through I only have the desire to travel and visit our Italian cities to help, albeit in my small way, the tourism of our nation.

Over the past weekends I managed to see two of my dearest friends and together we took the opportunity to tour not only the cities chosen for our meetings, but also some museums.

The first Saturday that I allowed myself an out-of-town trip, the destination was Florence.

Every time I went to Florence, I have always focused on the most known points of interest in the city, therefore the Uffizi, the Palazzo della Signoria, the Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore, the Basilica di Santa Maria Novella, and so on … Despite my penchant for archeology even outside of my working life, I had never chosen the National Archaeological Museum of Florence as a stop on my tours, and instead visiting it was a very pleasant surprise.

The National Archaeological Museum of Florence is located in Palazzo della Crocetta, moved here in 1880, which was restored in 1619-20 by Giulio Parigi as the residence of Maria Maddalena, sister of the Grand Duke Cosimo II de’ Medici.

The museum preserves finds from excavations in Toscana, but also from Lazio and Umbria, and collects Etruscan and Roman objects. It also has an important Egyptian collection as well as a Greek section containing Greek vases found in Etruscan tombs, which testify to the numerous trade exchanges in the Mediterranean Sea.

The Etruscan section is located on the first floor and preserves the strong piece of the collection, that is, the Chimera d’Arezzo.

One of the most famous works of the Etruscan civilization dated to the 4th century BC, a bronze statue depicting the mythical Leonine fair, which was restored by Francesco Carradori in 1785, who rebuilt the serpentine tail that bit the goat’s head on the back. This work was found in a field near Arezzo in 1553 and was presented to Cosimo I by Vasari.

The chimera is now exhibited in a room, next to other famous bronzes, such as the statue of the Arringatore, dated to the first century BC. It portrays an Etruscan noble Aule Meteli with the Roman toga, while raising his arm towards the observer and the hypothetical crowd. It came to light in 1566 in Pila, near the Trasimeno lake.

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Arringatore di Perugia, primo quarto del I sec. a.C.. Firenze, Museo Nazionale Archeologico. A partire dall’azione di Mario e Silla vi fu da parte dell’aristocrazia senatoria e dei grandi generali la necessità di far emergere la propria individualità e della supremazia sugli altri: questo si ripercuote anche sulle forme dell’autorappresentazione politica. Ecco che vi è un forte sviluppo di statue togate e statue equestri, con le corrispondenti insegne delle magistrature. Esempio ne è l’Arringatore di Perugia: statua in bronzo di un politico della città di Perugia, risalente probabilmente al 80 a.C. circa. L’uomo si presenta come oratore, con il braccio destro alzato: indossa una tunica e sopra una toga realizzata con poco tessuto (distinguibile da quello greco per il taglio semicircolare), diffusa non sono solo a Roma, ma anche nel resto della penisola italica . Sarà solo con Augusto che la moda cambierà; infatti le toghe verrano realizzate con molto più tessuto, dal momento che il tessuto è simbolo di ricchezza e della dignità e dei privilegi del cittadino romano. Sul bordo curvilineo della toga troviamo un’iscrizione etrusca, da cui si riconosce anche che la statua è dedicata a “Aulus Metellus”, di origine etrusca, come si evince dal nome: un uomo che probabilmente era molto importante nella Perugia dell’epoca, dal momento che sia la presenza della doppia allacciatura dei calzari e il bordo largo della veste indicano l’appartenenza a un’élite aristocratica provinciale che non si distingueva più da quella senatoria di Roma. #una_scultura_al_giorno #arringatorediperugia #perugia #firenze #museoarcheologicofirenz #arringatore #oratore #oratoria #statua #storiadellarte #scultura #arte #sculpture #art #iorestoacasa #capolavori #artistic #storia #italianart #artgalleries #beniculturali #archeologia #archeology

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Most of the other finds concern funerary sculpture, in particular the urns and sarcophagi, including the sarcophagus of the obese dated to the 2nd century BC.

The Museum boasts a numismatic section, which collects one of the most important and ancient numismatic collections in Italy.

The first nucleus of the numismatic collection was already present in the collection of antiquities begun by Lorenzo il Magnifico and enriched by various family members. Then it was donated by the last descendant to the Granducato di Toscana.

Starting in 1874, with Luigi Adriano Milani as director of the museum, the coin cabinet was further enriched thanks to the purchase of important collections and treasures.

Subsequently, the numismatic collection was expanded thanks to excavations in various localities of the territory under the jurisdiction of the Superintendence for Archaeological Heritage of Toscana.

The collection of the coin boasts about 80.000 pieces and in particular preserves the most populous collection of Etruscan coins in the world equal to 1.173 pieces.

The section called “Egyptian Museum” is extraordinary. It is the second in Italy only to the Egyptian Museum of Turin. This collection is always on the first floor and comes from the Nizzoli and Schiaparelli collections and from the excavation campaign of Ippolito Rosellini and François Champollion.

The prehistoric era of the Old and Middle Kingdom is documented by flints, vases and steles. Among the most interesting finds are the grain grinder and the woman who makes beer dating back to the ancient kingdom. Subsequently, a famous relief with scribes from the tomb of Pharaoh Haremhab in Saqqara is exhibited, and the extraordinary war or hunting chariot. It was almost intact, made in bone and wood, dating back to the 15th century BC. It was found near Thebes together with fabrics, ropes, furniture, hats, bags and baskets.

Lastly, there is a room dedicated to Coptic art, thanks to the excavations of the Florentine Papyrological Institute in Antinoe. Among the finds there is a rich collection of restored fabrics. There are tunics, caps, socks, fragments of decoration and a silk cloak, as well as numerous objects related to daily life or funeral customs, such as one of the portraits from Al Fayum.

After spending the whole morning around the museum, my friend Rebecca and I, who lives in Florence, went to lunch at the Osteria del Nacchero, chosen by my personal guide.

The place is slightly away from the heart of Florence, but Rebecca chose it specifically to let me taste a more traditional Tuscan cuisine, far from the tourist places that usually characterize the city center.

The restaurant refers to the old taverns of the past and the proposal concerns typical Florentine and Tuscan dishes, such as lampredotto or tripe.

We started with an appetizer of liver croutons, tomatoes croutons and fried polenta with mushrooms, and then continued with two first courses, paccheri with white ragù and fresh tomato soup, all accompanied by a good red wine.

Once we finished our lunch we went back to the city center and wandered aimlessly, walking through the streets of the city and taking the classic photo with the Ponte Vecchio behind.

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Saturday vibes in Florence #estateitaliana #estate2020 #friendship

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In the late afternoon we slowly headed towards the station where I had to say goodbye to my dear friend Rebecca, who accompanied me through the cultural and culinary beauties of this beautiful city.

Towards Cilento to study bones!

This month I finally managed to reach one of my dear colleague in Cilento, to carry out the anthropological and paleopathological study of osteological remains recovered inside a crypt in the province of Salerno.

Ernesto dug this deposit in 2017, when we met on my first methane pipeline. At that time, he told me that there would be the opportunity for a study on osteological findings but he didn’t talk about it for a while.

This year he contacted me because he was writing the monograph dedicated to the restoration of the Convent and consequently it would have been very interesting to include the data on the osteological material found inside one of the crypts.

So after getting rid of the various commitments of work and the School of Specialization, I left, together with my partner of work and life Tommaso, for Cilento, where Ernesto and his family were waiting for us.

We stayed three days in total. During the first day we went to the Convent, where the boxes full of bones were waiting for us. Immediately the material was washed and left to dry, even though the damp weather was not very cooperative during this phase.

The second day the study began, where I proceeded with the division of the skeletal districts, the siding and the determination of the minimum number of individuals.

During this day I also determined the sex and age at death on the skulls and coxals that were preserved.

On the third day I focused my attention on pathologies, and although this sample was very fragmented and altered by the tafonomic agents, it has preserved very interesting case studies, which I will show you as soon as the monograph is published!

For this study I would like to thank Dr. Ernesto Bianco for the opportunity of this work and his family for the hospitality they offered us during our stay in Cilento. Furthermore, I would like to thank my very dear colleagues, Dr. Maria Cristina Serrangeli and Dr. Fiorella Bestetti for their valuable suggestions and Professor Robert Mann for advice in paleopathological analysis.

My birthday week in Crete

On September 22th 2018 Tommaso and I flew to Crete, with the Aegean Airlines company, for the week of my birthday accompanied by our precious Lonely Planet guide.

We have chosen a seaside town where we can stay, called Analipsi, east of Heraklion, and we have booked through Booking at Galazio apartments & suites. These consists of a series of very pretty small apartments arranged in front of equipped beach awarded with the “Blue Flag”.

We arrived in the late afternoon, so once we were settled in the apartment and refreshed we went to search a typical tavern, and we found it successfully. We went to Sirtaki Traditional Family Tavern, which perfectly reflected the expectations of both cuisine and atmosphere.

The next day we granted ourselves a day of relaxation at the sea, to recover the energy lost during the several months of pipeline and transfer to the Lodi area. In the evening, after renting a car, we went to explore the surroundings. We came across the characteristic Piskopiano, where we discovered the very good tavern of Kostas, an authentic gem located on the edge of the square where the church stands above the main street of the village.

Monday we headed to the Palace of Knossos in Heraklion, but as we were told, it was a big disappointment. The Palace is all restored and not very organized, there are no indications and despite the map purchased we probably missed some areas. Despite this it was exciting to be able to see things studied during the school years.


In the afternoon, after a delicious Pita Gyros, we strolled around Heraklion exploring the monuments and buying souvenirs. Then, we came across the Venetian Fortress of Koules, which for 21 years helped keep the Turks away. Then, it became a prison for the Cretan rebels under Turks’ domain.

On September 25th we went to the Heraklion Archaeological Museum. This was completely rebuilt and opened in 2014 and I must say that it is one of the most beautiful museums I have ever seen. My enthusiasm was not only for the materials, which are unique, but for the museum layout, the organization and the path proposed. The exhibition is divided into 27 rooms, arranged between the ground floor and the first floor, and show the archaeological finds from the Neolithic to the Roman age. Obviously this museum is one of the most famous in the world for the masterpieces of the Minoan civilization.

On Wednesday, we decided to participate to an organized trip to visit the northern coast of the island. The day was not climatically the best, the temperatures dropped a lot and there was a lot of wind. Anyway we went by bus to Elounda, a fishing village, which took on a higher profile thanks to the hotels frequented by celebrities like U2 and Lady Gaga.

From here we took a ferry with which we reached a small beach where a barbecue was organized. In addition to the cold, that did not allow a bath in the sea, the beach was not the best, it was undefiled from the housing perspective but at the same time dirty and not very pretty (I don’t think I will make an organized exit anymore!).

After lunch we headed to the small island of Spinalonga. The fortress that stands on the island was built by Venetians in 1579 to protect the bays of Eloùnda and Mirabéllo. Later, in 1715, he surrendered to the Ottoman army. In the post-Ottoman period, between 1903 and 1955, the island was transformed into a leper colony to house the Greeks who fell ill with Hansen’s disease. After touring the island with a guide, we set off for Agios Nikolaos, which stands out for its bars, traditional taverns and elegant clothing stores. These are contrasted by fish markets and rustic kafeneia.

For my birthday we decided to go to the heart of Crete. As a first step we passed by Gortys, where two of my archaeologists friends, that stay there for an archaeological mission of University of Bologna, were waiting for us. After a quick greeting we headed to the archaeological site, which covers an area of about one square km. The site is divided into a fenced area and an unfenced area where some of the complexes are scattered among the olive fields of the Cretan peasants. The site is something spectacular, shame about the non-museum part that is not very comfortable to reach, especially if you have sandals. In fact, the paths are not cleaned and cared how they should.

Afterwards we headed to Phaistos, but before going to visit the site we stopped at the tavern of Agios Ioannis where we eat an exquisite fried rabbit.

After the delicious lunch we entered the archaeological park of Phaistos, which is the second most important palatial complex of the Minoan culture, and among the sites of the time it is the one that still enjoys a suggestive position, with a panorama that sweeps over the Plain of Messarà and on Mount Psilorìtis. Festo has also undergone restoration works, but unlike Knossos, where it has not undergone reconstruction, it remains immersed in an aura of mystery.

As a last day of vacation we decided to take it very calmly. We went to have international breakfast at Votslakia Restaurant, and in the meantime we have planned the last trip of the holiday. We decided to visit Mallia, a contemporary site to the other two Minoan palaces of Knossos and Phaistos.

Mallia has given me many more emotions than the other sites visited previously, it is much less restored, much more organized with panels and signage and much more realistic. From this site comes the famous gold pendant with bees kept at the Heraklion Archaeological Museum.

After this last visit, we went to relax on the beach before returning to Italy and to work above all, and we enjoyed the last moments on the beach and the end of our summer.

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Sunset #birthdayweek #crete #sunset #cristianagoestocrete

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My last eight months on pipeline in Lodi

Well yes,

After eight months on the pipeline in Lodi I have finished, because I was finally able to find a site closer to Ravenna that allows me to return home every day … this thing, that for other people it may seem trivial, for me it is something awesome!

I can finally sleep in my bed, with my cat, stay in the bathroom as long as I want and eat when I feel like it.

Don’t get me wrong this experience has led me to meet mediocre people but also beautiful people with whom I will certainly maintain a genuine relationship, but having my own space is also a beautiful thing.

I started working on this pipeline in April, after five months off, I was initially very enthusiastic, even though it was nearly 300 kilometres from my current home.

My enthusiasm died off immediately, this yard wasn’t at all as quiet as my first pipeline in 2017, the timing was different, the company was different, people were different. I began to find a balance only after four months, at the beginning of September, when some of my colleagues came to work, some of which I already knew. Also because only after four months we were able to also have a balance at work with the presence of permanent houses as well as permanent teams for each picket to be cleared. Yes, the houses were never regular until the end of September, so every Thursday we packed our bags and on Friday we came back home … I can’t believe it that for a while I will not have to do all this, I’ll probably feel a bit empty …

The thing that disappointed me most and then pushed me to look for something else was the presumption on the part of my colleagues, who had a role equal to mine, who had a constant need to self-praise. The common thread of this yard has always been, in fact, questioning the professionalism of others, especially of the younger ones. All this has been very debasing, but then I must also thank this situation that has tempered me and spurred me to look for something else.

Surely the time of the greetings was not easy, eight months together, especially for the bond created with some people. My roommates, for example, we had become a small and cheerful family, some attitudes were annoying, like those of a brother or sister, but at the same time those defects made me smile.

Or like my friend Margherita, who at the time of hugs has also torn a tear, I will miss her so much, I do not know how I’ll do without our talk and without our laughter born from completely invented scenarios.

Without some of them I would have never made it to last eight months in this context, it is nice that despite the difficulties and the annoyances something good was born.

My trip in Netherlands, last day

We spent the last day in Netherlands visiting Utrecht, to which we haven’t given the right importance.

Utrecht was founded by the Romans in 47 AD to protect an important position for the crossing of the river Rhine.

This city was the first in the Netherlands to embrace the Catholic faith, and in the Middle Ages it became an important religious center, extending its control over most of the Netherlands until 1527.

The city center preserves many medieval churches and monasteries, which are now next to modern architectural complexes.

The Oudegracht, the old canal, passes through the city 5 meters below street level. Beautiful is the Domtoren, which is a masterpiece of Gothic architecture, and represents, with its 112 m, one of the tallest towers in the Netherlands. This tower dominates Utrecht, and from its top you have the best view of the city.

Near the tower stands the Cathedral, Domkerk, whose construction began in 1254, it is here that the Union of Utrecht was signed in 1579 by John the Count of Nassau, brother of William of Orange.

After this brief visit to the city, after lunch we had to head towards the Eindhoven airport, leaving for now this beautiful country, so characteristic and full of traditions.

My trip in Netherlands, third day

We spent the penultimate day of our holiday in the museum quarter, as we had booked a visit to the Van Gogh museum in the afternoon.

In the morning we took the opportunity to visit the neighbourhood, and then we headed to the Vondelpark for a picnic.

The Vondelpark is an English park of about 48 hectares open to the public in June 1865. Inside, ducks, birds, squirrels and hedgehogs enliven the park along with over 10 million visitors a year.

After relaxing in the green and in the nature, despite being in the center of the fantastic Amsterdam, we headed towards the Van Gogh Museum. Before we get there, however, we made a detour to Bagels and Beans, a fantastic place where you can eat bagels of all tastes. As far as I’m concerned I have chosen a cinnamon bagels filled with butter and peanut butter, very fat but delicious. The only flaw … the espresso, but for us Italians, I will not tell you anything new.

In the afternoon we visited the Van Gogh Museum, divided into three floors that start from the most youthful works to the more recent ones. In some points it was not clear the route and then we went over several times in some rooms, apart from this the paintings are amazing.

Once out, we continued to visit the museum area and its canals, although, I have to say that the quarter museum is much more residential than the centre, while remaining characteristic.

https://www.instagram.com/p/BlgIiU3ApMv/?taken-by=minerva_archeologia

Before returning to Utrecht, however, we stopped in a brewery, Biercafe Gollem, to finish in the best way the day. A beautiful orange cat welcomed me, sleeping on the counter, so the day couldn’t have ended in a better way.

 

My trip in Netherlands, second day

The next day of our trip, we decided to go back to Amsterdam. First we went to the tourist information point, which is located opposite the central station, to get information on how to reach the characteristic areas with windmills. A very kind gentleman suggests us as a destination Zaanse Schans, a tourist town that is located in the north of Amsterdam. So, following his instructions we took a train that in 20 minutes brought us to this lovely town, where you can breathe the true essence of the Dutch soul.

Zaanse Schans is a small community located on the quay of the river Zaan. Part of the city was created in 1960 to illustrate the life in a village of seventeenth-century. The shops, houses, mills, historical buildings of the entire Zaan region have been relocated here to recreate a village-museum in which one lives and works. In fact, people are dedicated to the maintenance of Dutch traditions. Here the inhabitants themselves operate the mills, it seems to go back in time and live a fairy tale.

Once finished the tour in the village, we moved to the residential area called Zaandijk where there are some local places where to have lunch. We chose the pub Proeflokaal De Kruis, where we were greeted in a very kind by both the owner and the waitress, who served us promptly and very politely.

In Holland it is not easy to eat typical dishes, as it happens in Italy, or maybe we did not have the time, however here we ate sandwiches with flavors and smells typical of the Nordic countries.

Tommaso chose a sandwich with an extra-large meatball spiced with dill, accompanied by pickles and mustard, while for me pulled chicken with paprika and with a flavoured salad that cooled the whole. Finally, excellent beer at will.

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Holland in love ❤

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After lunch we returned to Amsterdam and we were wandering around the city until evening, visiting coffee shops and gouda shops, which I discovered to be a very good cheese!

 

My trip in Netherlands, first day

Hi everyone,

in this post I would like to tell you about my experience in Netherlands, happened during the month may.

I flew to Amsterdam with my boyfriend on Thursday 24th may, and we are back on Sunday 27th may. Unfortunately, it was just a hit and run but it was just worth it.

We have left from Bologna airport at 10.15 a.m. on Thursday 24th, to land at 12.15 p.m. at Eindhoven airport.

From here we took the bus to reach Utrecht, city that we have chosen to stay during this long weekend. At the beginning, we would have liked to stay in Amsterdam, but you know how are the finances of archaeologists. So we opted for this city and it was a great choice! Our decision has fallen on Luxury Apartments, apartments located in a residential context. We have chosen to stay in apartment to be more independent and not have any kind of connection with breakfast, lunch or dinner at the hotel.

From the apartment the Utrecht Central Station is 10-minute walk away, and from there the trains leave for Amsterdam every 10 minutes, which is half an hour away by train.

So once the luggage and we were settled, we took the first train for Amsterdam to get to the spectacular Melkweg!

The Melkweg (“Milky Way”) is a famous concert hall and cultural center of Amsterdam, as well as a former hippy meeting point. It is located near Leidseplein, the central square in the area where most of the city night entertainments are concentrated.

The building was previously a workshop and is currently divided into several rooms of various sizes, in fact in addition to the large concert hall, there is a room intended for theatrical and dance performances, a cinema, a room for photographic exhibitions and one for multi-media art events. The Melkweg is run by a non-profit organization founded in 1970.

At the Melkweg, that evening, my favorite singer-songwriter of the moment was playing, Michael Malarkey, multifaceted artist who opened the tour of his fantastic album “Mongrels” in Amsterdam. We had chosen these dates without knowing the first stop of his tour, it was destiny to see him again after the concert of Rome.

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Mongrels Tour 2018 is in full swing! Here’s a little taster of night one in Amsterdam. Come join us for the rest of the run… • • • Remaining shows: 26 may paris, La Maroquinerie (rescheduled show) 27 may antwerp, Kavka 28 may hamburg, Nochtspeicher 30 may Frankfurt, Das Bett 31 may Zürich, Plaza Klub Zürich 01 june munich, STROM 02 june vienna, WUK 04 june brno, Fléda Club 05 june krakow, Zet Pe Te 06 june kosice, Tabacka Kultrufabrik 07 june budapest, Dürer Kert 09 june bucharest, Hard Rock Cafe Bucharest 15 june london, OMEARA 16 june dublin, Whelan’s 17 june​ glasgow, King Tut’s Wah Wah Hut • • • All tickets at michaelmalarkeyofficial.com // Video c/o ___ @mcbane.tv

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From the Amsterdam Central Station to the Melkweg it took 30 minutes of walking to get there. In this half an hour, we enjoyed the view of the canals and the beautiful and characteristic Amsterdam houses at sunset.

To be continued, stay tune…

My first scientific article

Hi guys!

As you have already seen from Instagram stories and images posted on my profile, I am working on pipelines between Pavia and Lodi in Italy at the moment.

But today I would like to tell you about my University career and my first scientific article.
I am graduated in “Research, documentation and preservation of the archaeological heritage” at the University of Bologna, with a Master thesis entitled “Morphological and morphometric analysis of Torrener Bärenhöhle’s Paleolithic human tooth (Salzburg)” with Dr. Stefano Benazzi, getting the highest grade (110 cum laude).
At the beginning of my career I have focused my attention on the archaeological field. In fact I have dug in many places, most of them were Medieval sites, but I have dug too in a protohistoric site, the necropolis of Sinaw in the Sultanate of Oman.
After my return from Oman I have started my internship at the Anthropological Laboratory and in this period I have learned the basic skills for the study of human remains.
Later I have started the project of my Master thesis about morphological description and morphometric analyses of Torrener Bärenhöhle’s human tooth. During this period, I acquired solid knowledge of paleoanthropology and virtual anthropology as various digital techniques to analyse human remains. For the project of my thesis I have been in the Department of Human Evolution at the Max Plank Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, thanks to a scholarship I won, to segment fossils comparison sample.
After my graduation I have started to write the article about the thesis that was published on the Journal of Human Evolution in 2016.
The tooth was found in a cave near Salzburg called Torrener Bärenhöhle, located by an alpine guide in 1924. In the cave were found mainly animal bones belonging to Ursus spaleus, hence the name of the cave, in fact Bärenhöhle means cave bear. Most of this bones were manipulated by humans, for this reason this place was interpreted as a place for bear hunting.
The first publication of the tooth was in 1971, when the tooth was classified as Homo sapiens, but in 1991 Mr. Urbanek attributed it to Homo neanderthalensis for the material culture of the cave. The need to classify this tooth stems from these controversies.
In this contribution, I investigated the tooth from Torrener Bärenhöhle’s cave. This tooth was micro-CT scanned to digitally study its external and internal morphology, and sampled for AMS radiocarbon dating to establish its taxonomy and chronology.

For more read my article on this link and my poster.

O(perative)S(ystem)-Culture.org a CMS for archaeology

The thesis on the O(perative)S(ystem)-Culture.org project was finally discussed on March 21th 2018 by Tommaso Saccone, my partner in crime, in work and life. 

Fifty years have passed since the first computers and IT tools were adopted in the archaeological field for study and research activities.

In fact, in the 60s of the last century, the Professor Maurizio Tosi with the archaeological mission (ISMEO – ISIAO) in Shahr-i Sokhta (Iran) began to use the first computers for the elaboration of databases for the organization of the archaeological record using the historical formats .db3.

Since then, technology has made great strides, in fact from table .db3 we have moved to complex and articulated Geo Databases that can contain terabytes of heterogeneous data, all geo referenced and in constant relation between them.

Soon, tools such as 3D modelling, the development of GIS and BIM, for the study of the territory, will also give great impetus to the methodology of archaeological documentation thus aligning with the European directives that manage spatial planning and public works.

There are two questions that have been the starting point of this project:

  • How to acquire, process and communicate this vast and heterogeneous core of data?
  • How to archive this data to make it immediately reusable?

They have tried to answer these questions by developing a tool for archiving and communicating the archaeological and cultural data “O (prerative) S (ystem) -Culture.org”, a CMS useful to communicate the complexity of archaeological data thanks to digital technologies.

The idea for this project was born in 2012, in collaboration with the Professor Maurizio Tosi, who would soon retire, and who wanted to find a way to make the data acquired during his career accessible.

To date OS-Culture.org has been used to organize: part of Professor Tosi’s personal archives and for the management and communication of archaeological data and information from the Italian Archaeological Mission in Armenia and the Caucasus (MAA-ISMEO) and from the Institute of Archeology of Yerevan – Armenia (IAE NAS RA).

Following the Bachelor thesis of Tommaso Saccone “GIS software in comparison: the case of the Pieve di Santa Reparata, Terra del Sole (FC)”, it was decided to continue working with open source software to keep production costs low and at the same time have the possibility to modify the source code, so, if necessary, to adapt the software to the needs of the OS-Culture.org project.

The final goal of OS-Culture.org is to offer an instrument, from simple and immediate use, that allows the complete management of the archaeological documentation process, always maintaining the authorship of the data.

If you want read more use this link http://os-culture.org/file-download/OperativeSystem-Culture_Project_eng.pdf.