My trip in Netherlands, first day

Hi everyone,

in this post I would like to tell you about my experience in Netherlands, happened during the month may.

I flew to Amsterdam with my boyfriend on Thursday 24th may, and we are back on Sunday 27th may. Unfortunately, it was just a hit and run but it was just worth it.

We have left from Bologna airport at 10.15 a.m. on Thursday 24th, to land at 12.15 p.m. at Eindhoven airport.

From here we took the bus to reach Utrecht, city that we have chosen to stay during this long weekend. At the beginning, we would have liked to stay in Amsterdam, but you know how are the finances of archaeologists. So we opted for this city and it was a great choice! Our decision has fallen on Luxury Apartments, apartments located in a residential context. We have chosen to stay in apartment to be more independent and not have any kind of connection with breakfast, lunch or dinner at the hotel.

From the apartment the Utrecht Central Station is 10-minute walk away, and from there the trains leave for Amsterdam every 10 minutes, which is half an hour away by train.

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My first scientific article

Hi guys!

As you have already seen from Instagram stories and images posted on my profile, I am working on pipelines between Pavia and Lodi in Italy at the moment.

But today I would like to tell you about my University career and my first scientific article.
I am graduated in “Research, documentation and preservation of the archaeological heritage” at the University of Bologna, with a Master thesis entitled “Morphological and morphometric analysis of Torrener Bärenhöhle’s Paleolithic human tooth (Salzburg)” with Dr. Stefano Benazzi, getting the highest grade (110 cum laude).
At the beginning of my career I have focused my attention on the archaeological field. In fact I have dug in many places, most of them were Medieval sites, but I have dug too in a protohistoric site, the necropolis of Sinaw in the Sultanate of Oman.
After my return from Oman I have started my internship at the Anthropological Laboratory and in this period I have learned the basic skills for the study of human remains.
Later I have started the project of my Master thesis about morphological description and morphometric analyses of Torrener Bärenhöhle’s human tooth. During this period, I acquired solid knowledge of paleoanthropology and virtual anthropology as various digital techniques to analyse human remains. For the project of my thesis I have been in the Department of Human Evolution at the Max Plank Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, thanks to a scholarship I won, to segment fossils comparison sample.
After my graduation I have started to write the article about the thesis that was published on the Journal of Human Evolution in 2016.
The tooth was found in a cave near Salzburg called Torrener Bärenhöhle, located by an alpine guide in 1924. In the cave were found mainly animal bones belonging to Ursus spaleus, hence the name of the cave, in fact Bärenhöhle means cave bear. Most of this bones were manipulated by humans, for this reason this place was interpreted as a place for bear hunting.
The first publication of the tooth was in 1971, when the tooth was classified as Homo sapiens, but in 1991 Mr. Urbanek attributed it to Homo neanderthalensis for the material culture of the cave. The need to classify this tooth stems from these controversies.
In this contribution, I investigated the tooth from Torrener Bärenhöhle’s cave. This tooth was micro-CT scanned to digitally study its external and internal morphology, and sampled for AMS radiocarbon dating to establish its taxonomy and chronology.

For more read my article on this link and my poster.

O(perative)S(ystem) a CMS for archaeology

The thesis on the O(perative)S(ystem) project was finally discussed on March 21th 2018 by Tommaso Saccone, my partner in crime, in work and life. 

Fifty years have passed since the first computers and IT tools were adopted in the archaeological field for study and research activities.

In fact, in the 60s of the last century, the Professor Maurizio Tosi with the archaeological mission (ISMEO – ISIAO) in Shahr-i Sokhta (Iran) began to use the first computers for the elaboration of databases for the organization of the archaeological record using the historical formats .db3.

Since then, technology has made great strides, in fact from table .db3 we have moved to complex and articulated Geo Databases that can contain terabytes of heterogeneous data, all geo referenced and in constant relation between them.

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My experience in Ostia Antica

Saturday, March 10th, me and my colleague of the Minerva Association were to visit the archaeological park of Ostia Antica.

While we were making tickets, I decided to buy a small guide called “Ostia Antica: a port for Rome” with annexed reconstructions. The guide initially presents the index and a map, then follows a brief introduction to the various phases of the site, and a brief explanation for each location of the route even if they are not told all the places that will meet during the visit.

According to the literature, the city of Ostia was founded by King Anco Marcio at the end of the VII century BC. However, the most ancient structures brought to light during the archaeological research can be dated back to the beginning of the IV century BC. It is hypothesized that the realization occurred at a time after the conquest of Veio, Etruscan center, completed in 396 BC. The excavations also returned findings and traces of huts related to an earlier phase, probably dated to V century BC.

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My first archaeological excavation … my first love

Hi Guys,

today I want to tell you about my first archaeological excavation, which took place in 2009, the Parish of Santa Reparata (FC-Italy).

This excavation not only made me realize how much I really loved archaeology and excavation, but it made me fall in love with the Middle Ages, the Christianization of countryside and the burials, even though in this excavation I still didn’t know how much really loved these latter XD.

At the beginnings I really felt like a fish out of water, like a child who was on the first day of school. I was already at the first year of University, and so I was settling into a new routine, a new city and new people, I just missed being a digger freshman XD.

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Hello everyone, here I am!


I am Cristiana and I am an archaeologist.

I wanted to create a blog that would tell the real life of an archaeologist. Why do I say “real” life? Well because in general the archaeologist is a figure of other times, an adventurer looking for something mysterious, that wanders in dangerous places and far from our everyday life. Think of Indiana Jones, Relic Hunter or Treasure Guardians. No, the real archaeologist doesn’t use either weapons or whips, nor does he have to deal with unpleasant or paranormal situations.

The real archaeologist works in our beautiful cities, supporting large public and private works, such as construction of pipelines, the district heating network, or even highways.

Would you ever have imagined it?!

Precisely for this reason I felt the need to create a space that would explain and really tell what the archaeologist does, just to make public understand how important and beautiful this profession is, but above all, to emphasize that this craft exists and, why despite what you think, it hasn’t yet been discovered all in the world …