My last eight months on pipeline in Lodi

Well yes,

After eight months on the pipeline in Lodi I have finished, because I was finally able to find a site closer to Ravenna that allows me to return home every day … this thing, that for other people it may seem trivial, for me it is something awesome!

I can finally sleep in my bed, with my cat, stay in the bathroom as long as I want and eat when I feel like it.

Don’t get me wrong this experience has led me to meet mediocre people but also beautiful people with whom I will certainly maintain a genuine relationship, but having my own space is also a beautiful thing.

I started working on this pipeline in April, after five months off, I was initially very enthusiastic, even though it was nearly 300 kilometres from my current home.

My enthusiasm died off immediately, this yard wasn’t at all as quiet as my first pipeline in 2017, the timing was different, the company was different, people were different. I began to find a balance only after four months, at the beginning of September, when some of my colleagues came to work, some of which I already knew. Also because only after four months we were able to also have a balance at work with the presence of permanent houses as well as permanent teams for each picket to be cleared. Yes, the houses were never regular until the end of September, so every Thursday we packed our bags and on Friday we came back home … I can’t believe it that for a while I will not have to do all this, I’ll probably feel a bit empty …

The thing that disappointed me most and then pushed me to look for something else was the presumption on the part of my colleagues, who had a role equal to mine, who had a constant need to self-praise. The common thread of this yard has always been, in fact, questioning the professionalism of others, especially of the younger ones. All this has been very debasing, but then I must also thank this situation that has tempered me and spurred me to look for something else.

Surely the time of the greetings was not easy, eight months together, especially for the bond created with some people. My roommates, for example, we had become a small and cheerful family, some attitudes were annoying, like those of a brother or sister, but at the same time those defects made me smile.

Or like my friend Margherita, who at the time of hugs has also torn a tear, I will miss her so much, I do not know how I’ll do without our talk and without our laughter born from completely invented scenarios.

Without some of them I would have never made it to last eight months in this context, it is nice that despite the difficulties and the annoyances something good was born.

O(perative)S(ystem)-Culture.org a CMS for archaeology

The thesis on the O(perative)S(ystem)-Culture.org project was finally discussed on March 21th 2018 by Tommaso Saccone, my partner in crime, in work and life. 

Fifty years have passed since the first computers and IT tools were adopted in the archaeological field for study and research activities.

In fact, in the 60s of the last century, the Professor Maurizio Tosi with the archaeological mission (ISMEO – ISIAO) in Shahr-i Sokhta (Iran) began to use the first computers for the elaboration of databases for the organization of the archaeological record using the historical formats .db3.

Since then, technology has made great strides, in fact from table .db3 we have moved to complex and articulated Geo Databases that can contain terabytes of heterogeneous data, all geo referenced and in constant relation between them.

Soon, tools such as 3D modelling, the development of GIS and BIM, for the study of the territory, will also give great impetus to the methodology of archaeological documentation thus aligning with the European directives that manage spatial planning and public works.

There are two questions that have been the starting point of this project:

  • How to acquire, process and communicate this vast and heterogeneous core of data?
  • How to archive this data to make it immediately reusable?

They have tried to answer these questions by developing a tool for archiving and communicating the archaeological and cultural data “O (prerative) S (ystem) -Culture.org”, a CMS useful to communicate the complexity of archaeological data thanks to digital technologies.

The idea for this project was born in 2012, in collaboration with the Professor Maurizio Tosi, who would soon retire, and who wanted to find a way to make the data acquired during his career accessible.

To date OS-Culture.org has been used to organize: part of Professor Tosi’s personal archives and for the management and communication of archaeological data and information from the Italian Archaeological Mission in Armenia and the Caucasus (MAA-ISMEO) and from the Institute of Archeology of Yerevan – Armenia (IAE NAS RA).

Following the Bachelor thesis of Tommaso Saccone “GIS software in comparison: the case of the Pieve di Santa Reparata, Terra del Sole (FC)”, it was decided to continue working with open source software to keep production costs low and at the same time have the possibility to modify the source code, so, if necessary, to adapt the software to the needs of the OS-Culture.org project.

The final goal of OS-Culture.org is to offer an instrument, from simple and immediate use, that allows the complete management of the archaeological documentation process, always maintaining the authorship of the data.

If you want read more use this link http://os-culture.org/file-download/OperativeSystem-Culture_Project_eng.pdf.

My experience in Ostia Antica

Saturday, March 10th, me and my colleague of the Minerva Association were to visit the archaeological park of Ostia Antica.

While we were making tickets, I decided to buy a small guide called “Ostia Antica: a port for Rome” with annexed reconstructions. The guide initially presents the index and a map, then follows a brief introduction to the various phases of the site, and a brief explanation for each location of the route even if they are not told all the places that will meet during the visit.

According to the literature, the city of Ostia was founded by King Anco Marcio at the end of the VII century BC. However, the most ancient structures brought to light during the archaeological research can be dated back to the beginning of the IV century BC. It is hypothesized that the realization occurred at a time after the conquest of Veio, Etruscan center, completed in 396 BC. The excavations also returned findings and traces of huts related to an earlier phase, probably dated to V century BC.

So, it is very probable that there existed an initial foundation of Ostia, perhaps to be found in an area not yet explored. Certain is the antiquity of the frequentation of the area, justified by the significant role that this part of the left bank of the Tiber covered in the salt trade. Here, there was the last part of the salary route which was of vital importance for the Sabine populations, who could only reach the salt flats at the mouths of the Tiber just by following it. Since the VIII-VII BC. Rome showed interest in this strategic importance. in fact, it is necessary to read in the struggles between Romans against Latins and Etruscans the intention to extend the roman dominion to the sea, followed by Ostia foundation in the VII century BC. that represent the reflection of this historical reality.

The archaeological site is truly spectacular, unique and immense. Unfortunately, these exceptional characteristics are not totally enhanced by the path itself. First, the whole area is dirty and overwhelmed by vegetation. The trail is not reported, except for the architectural structures that run along the decumanus, but beyond these other fantastic areas, even though they are marked on the map, sometimes there are unattainable or in other cases have led us to get lost along the way. Moreover, many areas we have not been able to visit because they are not very well signposted. Second, almost all the mosaics, especially the most important, are protected by sheets, and therefore not appreciable.

Halfway around you can stop, in fact the park offers a refreshment point, services and bookshop. In front of this area there is the Ostiense museum, where the statues found during the excavations are preserved, like the original copy of the statue of Minerva-Vittoria, found at the attic of Porta Romana, dated to the I century AD, or as the statue of the Emperor Trajan, found at the Schola di Traiano, dated to the II century AD.

After the break we continued for another two hours inside the park. Following the decumanus and appreciating all the structures along the main road. In a branch of the decumanus, in via della Foce, we lost between Casa di Amore e Psiche and the Temple of Hercules. For this reason we appreciating very quickly the Christian Basilica, the Schola del Traiano and all those the whole thing located on the opposite side of the decumanus, unable to finally visit the Synagogue which is the last of the buildings.
The experience was magnificent but an archaeological park of that size and importance would deserve greater attention to communication as well as the site itself.

My first archaeological excavation … my first love

Hi Guys,

today I want to tell you about my first archaeological excavation, which took place in 2009, the Parish of Santa Reparata (FC-Italy).

This excavation not only made me realize how much I really loved archaeology and excavation, but it made me fall in love with the Middle Ages, the Christianization of countryside and the burials, even though in this excavation I still didn’t know how much really loved these latter XD.

At the beginnings I really felt like a fish out of water, like a child who was on the first day of school. I was already at the first year of University, and so I was settling into a new routine, a new city and new people, I just missed being a digger freshman XD.

But as in all situations I settled in a few days, not only to live with many strangers bigger than me, but also in the worksite, showing so much willpower and physics, although I was so thin at that time … but as we know in archaeology it is not a question of force, but a question of levers.

This was my first great love that I will carry forever in my heart. This excavation was so complete that it was the best didactic excavation that I’ve ever done, I could use techniques that would now be defined as “obsolete”, but which are at the base of all the innovative documentation techniques used nowadays.

Precisely for these reasons, at the third year of the University I decided to do my Bachelor thesis on the Parish of Santa Reparata, concentrating especially on the study of burials, both from a taphonomic and physical point of view.

I leave you with a summary of the excavation campaigns.

The Parish of Santa Reparata is located between the villages of Terra del Sole and Castrocaro Terme (FC).

The study of the church was divided into two excavation campaigns, conducted in 2006 and 2009.

This parish is a certificate of considerable importance in the architectural panorama of Romagna. This is because despite the changes in purpose of use of the building of worship, the original structure and the peculiar characteristics of Romanesque art are clearly present.

The archaeological excavation has highlighted the presence of a complex settlement, characterized by the prolonged occupation of the site from the Roman age. In fact, in this phase there is the presence of a small apsed room, probably to refer to a larger villa.

The construction of a cruciform-shaped cult building, articulated in a central nave culminating in a circular apse with two lateral rooms, is due to late antiquity. Inside and outside the church there is a cemetery area dating back to the VI-VII century. The cruciform church remains in use for a long time, so much to be identifiable with the early medieval church mentioned in the written sources of the X century.

During the medieval phase the church is divided into a system with three naves divided by six bays supported by five pairs of cruciform pillars. There is also a cemetery area adjacent to the facade and the north aisle.

The subsequent Romanesque phase is evidenced by the presence of traces of a vast crypt originally placed under the presbytery of the central nave but probably also present in the terminal part of the side aisles. During the construction of the church, a bell casting system was built in the nave in front of the crypt.

During the Renaissance the parish underwent the drastic reduction of the volumes to a single part of the central nave, which was decorated with a cycle of frescoes, and a raised presbytery emphasized by a stairway and serene stone capitals with a floral motif to support the cross-vaulting roof.

The consecration of the homonymous church of Santa Reparata, during the XVII century, inside the Medicean citadel of Santa Reparata probably marked the end of the rural parish that was gradually demolished and intended for residential and agricultural use.

Sources

Margherita C., 2012, The burials of the parish of Santa Reparata (FC), Bachelor thesis, University of Bologna

http://www.fastionline.org/

Hello everyone, here I am!

Hi!

I am Cristiana and I am an archaeologist.

I wanted to create a blog that would tell the real life of an archaeologist. Why do I say “real” life? Well because in general the archaeologist is a figure of other times, an adventurer looking for something mysterious, that wanders in dangerous places and far from our everyday life. Think of Indiana Jones, Relic Hunter or Treasure Guardians. No, the real archaeologist doesn’t use either weapons or whips, nor does he have to deal with unpleasant or paranormal situations.

The real archaeologist works in our beautiful cities, supporting large public and private works, such as construction of pipelines, the district heating network, or even highways.

Would you ever have imagined it?!

Precisely for this reason I felt the need to create a space that would explain and really tell what the archaeologist does, just to make public understand how important and beautiful this profession is, but above all, to emphasize that this craft exists and, why despite what you think, it hasn’t yet been discovered all in the world …